Trigger Point Therapy: The application of pressure to tender muscle tissue in order to relieve pain and dysfunction in other parts of the body.
Trigger point therapy is said to interrupt the neural signals that cause both the trigger point and the pain. The object is to eliminate pain and to re-educate the muscles into pain-free habits. In this manner, the swelling and stiffness of neuromuscular pain is reduced, range of motion is increased, and flexibility and coordination are improved. The therapy can also relieve tension and improve circulation.
The list of conditions that benefit from trigger point therapy include arthritis; carpal tunnel syndrome ; chronic pain in the back, knees, and shoulders; headaches; menstrual cramps; multiple sclerosis ; muscle spasms, tension, and weakness; postoperative pain; sciatica; temporomandibular joint syndrome (TMJ); tendonitis; and whiplash.
Above definition from the Encyclopedia of Alternative Medicine
TMJ or Jaw Therapy: Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ) and other jaw misalignments may be treated by trained chiropractors through manual adjustments to a subluxation or dislocation. As with other chiropractic adjustments, if a subluxation is detected, manipulation of the joint can both relieve pain and also begin to re-educate the joint to function normally.